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FROM THE BLOG

Froriep Blog Posts for Topic Author Ronald Kogens EN

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Nicola Benz

Nicola’s practice is focused on technology and life sciences transactions. She assists technology companies of all sizes, from start-ups to established players, as well as investors, suppliers and customers across a broad range of industries and sectors. Nicola’s expertise, gathered both as an external counsel and through in-house secondments, covers outsourcing, licensing, joint ventures and collaborations and associated intellectual property issues. She also has considerable experience advising on all types of commercial con-tracts, competition and regulatory issues and data protection. Nicola is recognised as a globally leading patent and technology licensing lawyer, as well as a leading practitioner in the field of intellectual property in professional publications and listings such as iam250 and Chambers Europe. Born in Scotland, Nicola obtained her law degree from the University of Edinburgh (LLB Hons) in 1997. She joined our firm as an associate in 2002 and became a partner in 2010. In 2017 she was elected as the managing partner of our firm. Her working languages are English and German. Nicola is a member of the Zurich Bar Association, the International Trademark Association (INTA), the Licensing Executives Society (LES) and the International Technology Law Association (iTechLaw).

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Ronald Kogens

Ronald’s practice is focused on disruptive technologies. He advises Swiss and international clients as well as public entities in corporate and technology-related transactions. Ronald has in-depth knowledge of IP/IT law, in particular licensing of IP-rights, IP-transaction and contract law. He is an expert in the field of blockchain technology, crypto-currencies and crypto-tokens. Before he joined Froriep, he worked for a major global consulting firm. He was also part of the legal counsel team of a public listed pharmaceutical company at the headquarters in Switzerland and worked for its subsidiary in the United States. Ronald graduated in law from the University of Lucerne in 2011 and was admitted to the St. Gallen Bar in 2012. In 2016 he was awarded a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in business law from the Chapman University, California, United States. His working languages are German and English.

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Simple in Theory, Complex in Practice: The dual role as controller and processor under the General Data Protection Regulation

Posted by on May 24, 2018 10:15:00 AM

Outsourcing of certain business processes is standard for most companies these days, even for small and mid-size companies. Through outsourcing, business processes within a group of companies can be handled efficiently or access to an advanced IT infrastructure can be made possible. Outsourcing usually involves transferring personal data, such as employee data, customer data or supplier data. The outsourcing provider is a processor, the outsourcing customer is a controller. So far so good. But what if the provider uses the data for its own purposes too? And what if the customer is told what to do by the processor when processing the data? This article explains on which basis the individual roles of controller and processor can be determined taking into account the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Topics: Data Protection

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Dr. Catrina Luchsinger Gähwiler

Catrina is a specialist in financial market law and corporate law. She has a wealth of experience advising financial market clients, including banks, asset managers and investment vehicles, as well as substantial operational knowledge. She also serves on the management boards of various com-panies, some of which are in the financial services sector. Catrina joined our firm as an associate in the year 2000. She became a partner in 2007. Catrina advises financial services clients and investment companies on regulatory issues as well as on contractual aspects relating to the financial market industry. She furthermore has considerable experience in acquisition and financing transactions, in general corporate work, both for listed and privately held companies, in mergers and acquisitions – predominantly in the financial services sector – and regularly advises in equity capital market transactions both for SIX Swiss Exchange, where she is admitted as a listing agent, and for BX Berne eXchange. Chambers Europe and Chambers Global have identified her as a Recognised Practitioner in the field of banking and finance, where clients have commended her client orientation. She is also ranked as a leading lawyer in the IFLR1000 guide for financial services regulatory and M&A. Catrina obtained her law degree from the University of Zurich in 1991 and was admitted to the Zur-ich Bar in 1995. She gained her PhD in 2004. Her working languages are German, English and French. She is a member of the Zurich Bar Association, the Swiss Bar Association, the International Bar Association (IBA) and the International Pacific Bar Association.

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Ronald Kogens

Ronald’s practice is focused on disruptive technologies. He advises Swiss and international clients as well as public entities in corporate and technology-related transactions. Ronald has in-depth knowledge of IP/IT law, in particular licensing of IP-rights, IP-transaction and contract law. He is an expert in the field of blockchain technology, crypto-currencies and crypto-tokens. Before he joined Froriep, he worked for a major global consulting firm. He was also part of the legal counsel team of a public listed pharmaceutical company at the headquarters in Switzerland and worked for its subsidiary in the United States. Ronald graduated in law from the University of Lucerne in 2011 and was admitted to the St. Gallen Bar in 2012. In 2016 he was awarded a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in business law from the Chapman University, California, United States. His working languages are German and English.

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Practical Aspects of Initial Token Offerings (Part 2)

Posted by on Feb 9, 2018 8:45:00 AM

In every Initial Token Offering (also known as Initial Coin Offering) we have to strive to create a token which will catch the interest of the community. This first of all requires forethought and an understanding of what is driving the community, but it also needs to focus on creating a sound legal basis for years to come, no matter how often the token has been transferred, be it online or through the transfer of an offline wallet. Token structuring therefore is also a task for the lawyers.

Topics: , Disruptive Technologies

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Dr. Catrina Luchsinger Gähwiler

Catrina is a specialist in financial market law and corporate law. She has a wealth of experience advising financial market clients, including banks, asset managers and investment vehicles, as well as substantial operational knowledge. She also serves on the management boards of various com-panies, some of which are in the financial services sector. Catrina joined our firm as an associate in the year 2000. She became a partner in 2007. Catrina advises financial services clients and investment companies on regulatory issues as well as on contractual aspects relating to the financial market industry. She furthermore has considerable experience in acquisition and financing transactions, in general corporate work, both for listed and privately held companies, in mergers and acquisitions – predominantly in the financial services sector – and regularly advises in equity capital market transactions both for SIX Swiss Exchange, where she is admitted as a listing agent, and for BX Berne eXchange. Chambers Europe and Chambers Global have identified her as a Recognised Practitioner in the field of banking and finance, where clients have commended her client orientation. She is also ranked as a leading lawyer in the IFLR1000 guide for financial services regulatory and M&A. Catrina obtained her law degree from the University of Zurich in 1991 and was admitted to the Zur-ich Bar in 1995. She gained her PhD in 2004. Her working languages are German, English and French. She is a member of the Zurich Bar Association, the Swiss Bar Association, the International Bar Association (IBA) and the International Pacific Bar Association.

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Ronald Kogens

Ronald’s practice is focused on disruptive technologies. He advises Swiss and international clients as well as public entities in corporate and technology-related transactions. Ronald has in-depth knowledge of IP/IT law, in particular licensing of IP-rights, IP-transaction and contract law. He is an expert in the field of blockchain technology, crypto-currencies and crypto-tokens. Before he joined Froriep, he worked for a major global consulting firm. He was also part of the legal counsel team of a public listed pharmaceutical company at the headquarters in Switzerland and worked for its subsidiary in the United States. Ronald graduated in law from the University of Lucerne in 2011 and was admitted to the St. Gallen Bar in 2012. In 2016 he was awarded a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in business law from the Chapman University, California, United States. His working languages are German and English.

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Practical Aspects of Initial Token Offerings (Part 1)

Posted by on Jan 25, 2018 10:30:00 AM

Each one of the many ICOs on which we have advised or are advising have their own peculiarities and different treatment. However, there are some underlying fundamentals which remain the same for tokens of the same token class (see our token framework proposal).

We have decided to share these insights with the community. This article therefore is the start of a series of blog posts with practical insights on specific things to be considered when preparing an Initial Token Offering.

Topics: , Disruptive Technologies

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Dr. Catrina Luchsinger Gähwiler

Catrina is a specialist in financial market law and corporate law. She has a wealth of experience advising financial market clients, including banks, asset managers and investment vehicles, as well as substantial operational knowledge. She also serves on the management boards of various com-panies, some of which are in the financial services sector. Catrina joined our firm as an associate in the year 2000. She became a partner in 2007. Catrina advises financial services clients and investment companies on regulatory issues as well as on contractual aspects relating to the financial market industry. She furthermore has considerable experience in acquisition and financing transactions, in general corporate work, both for listed and privately held companies, in mergers and acquisitions – predominantly in the financial services sector – and regularly advises in equity capital market transactions both for SIX Swiss Exchange, where she is admitted as a listing agent, and for BX Berne eXchange. Chambers Europe and Chambers Global have identified her as a Recognised Practitioner in the field of banking and finance, where clients have commended her client orientation. She is also ranked as a leading lawyer in the IFLR1000 guide for financial services regulatory and M&A. Catrina obtained her law degree from the University of Zurich in 1991 and was admitted to the Zur-ich Bar in 1995. She gained her PhD in 2004. Her working languages are German, English and French. She is a member of the Zurich Bar Association, the Swiss Bar Association, the International Bar Association (IBA) and the International Pacific Bar Association.

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Ronald Kogens

Ronald’s practice is focused on disruptive technologies. He advises Swiss and international clients as well as public entities in corporate and technology-related transactions. Ronald has in-depth knowledge of IP/IT law, in particular licensing of IP-rights, IP-transaction and contract law. He is an expert in the field of blockchain technology, crypto-currencies and crypto-tokens. Before he joined Froriep, he worked for a major global consulting firm. He was also part of the legal counsel team of a public listed pharmaceutical company at the headquarters in Switzerland and worked for its subsidiary in the United States. Ronald graduated in law from the University of Lucerne in 2011 and was admitted to the St. Gallen Bar in 2012. In 2016 he was awarded a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in business law from the Chapman University, California, United States. His working languages are German and English.

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How Crypto-Tokens qualify under Swiss Law: a comprehensive Framework

Posted by on Nov 23, 2017 5:09:11 PM

Blockchain technology has become a reality as part of the digitalisation of the economy. Every day, there is proof of disruptive transformations of long-standing mechanisms into new ecosystems on the blockchain. While existing market participants are in many cases overwhelmed by the new normal, the new players operate with the greatest creativity and efficiency.

Topics: , Disruptive Technologies

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Ronald Kogens

Ronald’s practice is focused on disruptive technologies. He advises Swiss and international clients as well as public entities in corporate and technology-related transactions. Ronald has in-depth knowledge of IP/IT law, in particular licensing of IP-rights, IP-transaction and contract law. He is an expert in the field of blockchain technology, crypto-currencies and crypto-tokens. Before he joined Froriep, he worked for a major global consulting firm. He was also part of the legal counsel team of a public listed pharmaceutical company at the headquarters in Switzerland and worked for its subsidiary in the United States. Ronald graduated in law from the University of Lucerne in 2011 and was admitted to the St. Gallen Bar in 2012. In 2016 he was awarded a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in business law from the Chapman University, California, United States. His working languages are German and English.

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Starting an Initial Token Offering (ITO, also called Initial Coin Offering or ICO) - Things to Consider

Posted by on Sep 4, 2017 3:44:41 PM

In this first blog of a series on Blockchain Technology we will look at Initial Token Offerings.

Increasingly start-up companies are using initial token offerings (ITO, also called initial coin offerings or ICO) to raise capital for the funding of the development of products and services. The crypto-tokens are created and disseminated using distributed ledger or blockchain technology.

Topics: Data Protection , Disruptive Technologies

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